Left untreated, gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, can lead to tooth loss and cause a chain reaction of serious oral health problems. At Sugarfree Dental, located in the Koreatown/East Hollywood area of Los Angeles, California, Dr. Daniel Kyu Yang offers preventive care, as well as, advanced treatment for gum disease. Call or book an appointment online to schedule a consultation with Dr. Yang.
Gum disease is caused by an overgrowth of bacteria that settles in and around the teeth. As the bacteria continue to flourish, it can result in an infection of the gums. The first signs of gum disease are redness and inflammation. If the infection is allowed to spread, the gums will become sore and irritated. They may bleed easily at the slightest touch. Poor dental hygiene is often the main cause of gum disease, but it can also be triggered by food that becomes lodged between the teeth.
Gum disease is treated through scaling and root planning (also referred to as deep cleaning). This treatment is essential to stop bone loss caused by certain types of gum disease. The bone that surrounds your teeth acts as a foundation; if that foundation is lost, your teeth can actually start to loosen even without cavities. The treatment includes cleaning plaque, tartar, and bacteria buildup that reside below the gum tissue, where neither floss nor the bristles of your toothbrush can reach. Antibiotics may also be prescribed to remedy infections caused by gum disease.
Gum disease can be prevented with regular, good oral hygiene which reduces the amount of bacteria in your mouth. Good oral hygiene entails twice daily brushing, daily flossing and bi-annual visits to the dentist for a professional cleaning and checkup. Also, using mouthwash between meals can rinse away any small particles of food that may eventually become lodged between teeth.
Other preventive measures include, not eating sugary foods before falling asleep and brushing your teeth whenever you eat sticky foods that can coat the surface of your teeth with sugar. Any time food or sweets are allowed to remain in the mouth for long periods of time, bacteria can grow out of control, resulting in both cavities and gum disease.